For this blog post I have chosen to discuss how the nation of China has grown since entering the World Trade Organization, and how these changes effect Chinas overall demand for agricultural imports and the ramifications of those demands on Brazils Amazon Rainforest.
China has experienced a tremendous economic boom over the past decade which has allowed living standards to rise, essentially making China an integral part of the global agricultural market. Throughout China’s long and complex history, it has been a nation that strives to be self-sufficient; however, due to a growing population with higher demands for protein and land-intensive crops, Chinese official have been required to change their political strategies on how they approach agricultural imports (Gale, 2014). The past three decades in China have shown an enormous rural migration of farmers from the countryside into urban settings. This movement accompanied with changing food consumption patterns have put Chinas food security at major risk.
I would like to conclude this blog by discussing how Chinas demand for agricultural imports, such as soy, is driving deforestation in Brazil. Although China has the largest population in the world, it has decreasing arable lands to produce the food necessary to feed 1.3 billion people. Evidence shows that China has been on the forefront in funding the development of infrastructure in the Amazon rainforest. The purpose of this development is to expand food production for Chinese agricultural exports.
Fred Gale, James Hansen, and Michael Jewison. China’s Growing Demand for Agricultural Imports, EIB-136, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, February 12, 2014, from http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1784488/eib136.pdf